Peer reviewed original publications (in bold: PIs)

  1. Martino D, Schrag A, Anastasiou Z, Apter A, Benaroya-Milstein N, Buttiglione M, et al. Association of Group A Streptococcus exposure and exacerbations of chronic tic disorders: a multinational prospective cohort study. Neurology 2021;96:e1680–93.doi

  2. Paulus, T, Schappert R, Bluschke A, Alvarez-Fischer D, Robin Naumann KE, Roessner V, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Questioning the definition of Tourette syndrome – evidence from machine learning. Brain Comm (in press).

  3. Paulus T, Bäumer T, Verrel J, Weissbach A, Roessner V, Beste C, Münchau A. Pandemic tic-like behaviors following social media consumption. Mov Disord (in press).

  4. Adelhöfer N, Paulus T, Mückschel M, Bäumer T, Bluschke A, Takacs A, Tóth-Fáber E, Tárnok Z, Roessner V, Weissbach A, Münchau A, Beste C. Increased scale-free and aperiodic neural activity during sensorimotor integration – a novel facet in Tourette syndrome Brain Comm (in press).

  5. Schmidt T, Ebersbach G, Oelsner H, Sprock A, König IR, Bäumer T, Münchau A, Weissbach A. Evaluation of individualized multi-disciplinary inpatient treatment for functional movement disorders. Mov Disord Clin Pract 2021;8:911-918.

  6. Prochnow A, Bluschke A, Weissbach A, Münchau A, Roessner V, Mückschel M, Beste C. Neural dynamics of stimulus-response representations during inhibitory control. J Neurophysiol 2021;126:680-692. doi: 10.1152/jn.00163.2021.

  7. Tóth-Fáber E, Tárnok Z, Takács Á, Janacsek K, Németh D. Access to Procedural Memories After One Year: Evidence for Robust Memory Consolidation in Tourette Syndrome. Front Hum Neurosci 2021;15:715254.

  8. Schubert L, Verrel J, Behm A, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Inter-individual differences in urge-tic associations in Tourette syndrome. Cortex 2021;143:80-91. doi: 10.1016/j

  9. Friedrich J, Spaleck H, Schappert R, Kleimaker M, Verrel J, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Somatosensory perception-action binding in Tourette syndrome. Sci Rep 2021;11:13388. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-92761-4

  10. Takacs A, Mückschel M, Roessner V, Beste C. Decoding Stimulus–Response Representations and Their Stability Using EEG-Based Multivariate Pattern Analysis. Cereb Cortex Commun 2020;1:tgaa016.

  11. Szejko N, Robinson S, Hartmann A, Ganos C, Debes NM, Skov L, Haas M, Rizzo R, Stern J, Münchau A, Czernecki V, Dietrich A, Murphy T, Martino D, Tarnok Z, Hedderly T, Müller-Vahl KR, Cath DC. European Clinical Guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders. Part I: Assessment. Version 2.0. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry (submitted).

  12. Abdulkadir M, Yu D, Osiecki L, King RA, Fernandez TV, Brown LW, Cheon KA, Coffey BJ, Garcia-Delgar B, Gilbert DL, Grice DE, Hagstrøm J, Hedderly T, Heyman I, Hong HJ, Huyser C, Ibanez-Gomez L, Kim YK, Kim YS, Koh YJ, Kook S, Kuperman S, Leventhal B, Madruga-Garrido M, Maras A, Mir P, Morer A, Münchau A, Plessen KJ, Roessner V, Shin EY, Song DH, Song J, Visscher F, Zinner SH, Mathews CA, Scharf JM, Tischfield JA, Heiman GA, Dietrich A, Hoekstra PJ. Investigation of gene-environment interactions in relation to tic severity. J Neural Transm. 2021 Aug 13. doi: 10.1007/s00702-021-02396-y.

  13. Roessner V, Eichele H, Stern JS, Skov L, Rizzo R, Mol Debes N, Nagy P, Cavanna AE, Termine C, Ganos C, Münchau A, Szejko N, Cath C, Müller-Vahl K, Verdellen C, Hartmann A, Rothenberger A, Hoekstra PJ, Plessen KJ. European Clinical Guidelines for Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders – version 2.0. Part II: Pharmacological treatment. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry (submitted).

  14. Garcia-Delgar B, Servera M, Coffey BJ, Lázaro L, Openneer T, Benaroya-Milshtein N, et al. Tic disorders in children and adolescents: does the clinical presentation differ in males and females? A report by the EMTCS group. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021.

  15. Mayer AV, Wermter A-K, Stroth S, Alter P, Haberhausen M, Stehr T, Paulus FM, Krach S, Kamp-Becker I. Randomized clinical trial shows no substantial modulation of empathy-related neural activation by intranasal oxytocin in autism. Sci Rep 2021;11:15056.

  16. Mayer AV, Preckel K, Ihle K, Piecha FA, Junghanns K, Reiche S, Rademacher L, Kamp-Becker I, Stroth S, Röpke S, Küpper C, Engert V, Singer T, Kanske P, Paulus FM, Krach S. No support for oxytocin modulation of reward-related brain function in autism: evidence from a randomized controlled trial. Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology; 2021.

  17. Cao X, Zhang Y, Abdulkadir M, Deng L, Fernandez TV, Garcia-Delgar B, et al. Whole-exome sequencing identifies genes associated with Tourette’s disorder in multiplex families. Mol Psychiatry 2021.

  18. Haas M, Jakubovski E, Fremer C, Dietrich A, Hoekstra PJ, Jäger B, et al. Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS): Psychometric Quality of the Gold Standard for Tic Assessment Based on the Large-Scale EMTICS Study. Front Psychiatry 2021;12:626459.

  19. Ullrich S, Colzato LS, Wolff N, Beste C. Short-term Focused Attention Meditation Restricts the Retrieval of Stimulus-Response Bindings to Relevant Information. Mindfulness 2021;12:1272–81.

  20. Takács Á, Kóbor A, Kardos Z, Janacsek K, Horváth K, Beste C, et al. Neurophysiological and functional neuroanatomical coding of statistical and deterministic rule information during sequence learning. Hum Brain Mapp 2021;42:3182–201. doi: 10.1002/hbm.25427.

  21. Eggert E, Bluschke A, Takacs A, Kleimaker M, Münchau A, Roessner V, Mückschel M, Beste C. Perception-Action Integration Is Modulated by the Catecholaminergic System Depending on Learning Experience. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2021:pyab012.

  22. Takacs A, Stock A-K, Kuntke P, Werner A, Beste C. On the functional role of striatal and anterior cingulate GABA+ in stimulus-response binding. Hum Brain Mapp 2021;42:1863–78.

  23. Dilcher R, Beste C, Takacs A, Bluschke A, Tóth-Fáber E, Kleimaker M, Münchau A, Li SC. Perception-action integration in young age—A cross-sectional EEG study. Dev Cogn Neurosci 2021;50:100977.

  24. Dilcher R, Jamous R, Takacs A, Tóth-Fáber E, Münchau A, Li S-C, Beste C. Neurophysiology of embedded response plans: age effects in action execution but not in feature integration from preadolescence to adulthood. J Neurophysiol 2021;125:1382–95.

  25. Beste C, Mückschel M, Rauch J, Bluschke A, Takacs A, Dilcher R, Toth-Faber E, Bäumer T, Roessner V, Li SC, Münchau A. Distinct Brain-Oscillatory Neuroanatomical Architecture of Perception-Action Integration in Adolescents With Tourette Syndrome. Biol Psychiatry Glob Open Sci 2021:S2667174321000094.

  26. Tóth-Fáber E, Tárnok Z, Janacsek K, Kóbor A, Nagy P, Farkas Cs, Oláh S, Merkl D, Hegedűs O, Nemeth D, Takács Á. Dissociation between two aspects of procedural learning in Tourette syndrome: Enhanced statistical and impaired sequence learning. Child Neuropsychology 2021;1-23.

  27. Mielke E, Takacs A, Kleimaker M, Schappert R, Conte G, Onken R, Künemund T, Verrel J, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Tourette syndrome as a motor disorder revisited - Evidence from action coding. NeuroImage Clin 2021;30:102611.

  28. Buse J, Rothe J, Uhlmann A, Bodmer B, Kirschbaum C, Hoekstra PJ, et al. Hair cortisol-a stress marker in children and adolescents with chronic tic disorders? A large European cross-sectional study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021.

  29. Stock A-K, Bensmann W, Zink N, Münchau A, Beste C. Automatic aspects of response selection remain unchanged during high-dose alcohol intoxication. Addict Biol 2021;26:e12852.

  30. Petruo V, Bodmer B, Bluschke A, Münchau A, Roessner V, Beste C. Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics reduces perception-action binding during inhibitory control in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. Sci Rep 2020;10:1174.

  31. Takacs A, Zink N, Wolff N, Münchau A, Mückschel M, Beste C. Connecting EEG signal decomposition and response selection processes using the theory of event coding framework. Hum Brain Mapp 2020;41:2862–77.

  32. Takacs A, Bluschke A, Kleimaker M, Münchau A, Beste C. Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying motor feature binding processes and representations. Hum Brain Mapp 2021;42:1313–27.

  33. Weissbach A, Kleimaker M, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Electro-Myo-Stimulation Induced Tic Exacerbation – Increased Tendencies for the Formation of Perception-Action Links in Tourette Syndrome. Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov 2020;10:41.

  34. Kleimaker M, Takacs A, Conte G, Onken R, Verrel J, Bäumer T, Münchau A, Beste C. Increased perception-action binding in Tourette syndrome. Brain 2020;143:1934–45.

  35. Friedrich J, Verrel J, Kleimaker M, Münchau A, Beste C, Bäumer T. Neurophysiological correlates of perception–action binding in the somatosensory system. Sci Rep 2020;10:14794.

  36. Mainka T, Di Costa S, Borngräber F, Barow E, Münchau A, Ganos C, et al. Learning volition: A longitudinal study of developing intentional awareness in Tourette syndrome. Cortex 2020;129:33–40.

  37. Schaich A, Brandt V, Senft A, Schiemenz C, Klein J-P, Faßbinder E, Münchau A, Alvarez-Fischer. Treatment of Tourette Syndrome With Attention Training Technique—A Case Series. Front Psychiatry 2020;11:519931.

  38. Baumung L, Müller‐Vahl K, Dyke K, Jackson G, Jackson S, Golm D, Münchau A, Brandt V. Developing the Premonitory Urges for Tic Disorders Scale–Revised (PUTS‐R). J Neuropsychol 2021;15:129–42.

  39. Openneer TJC, Tárnok Z, Bognar E, Benaroya-Milshtein N, Garcia-Delgar B, Morer A, et al. The premonitory urge for Tics Scale in a large sample of children and adolescents: psychometric properties in a developmental context. An EMTICS study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020;29:1411-1424.

  40. Wagner-Altendorf TA, Gottschlich C, Robert C, Cirkel A, Heldmann M, Münte TF. The Suppression of Taboo Word Spoonerisms Is Associated With Altered Medial Frontal Negativity: An ERP Study. Front Hum Neurosci 2020;14:368.

  41. Wolff N, Beste C. Short-term Smartphone App–Based Focused Attention Meditation Diminishes Cognitive Flexibility. J Cogn Neurosci 2020;32:1484–96.

  42. Adelhöfer N, Beste C. EEG Signal Decomposition Evidence for a Role of Perceptual Processes during Conflict-related Behavioral Adjustments in Middle Frontal Regions. J Cogn Neurosci 2020;32:1381–93.

  43. Opitz A, Beste C, Stock A-K. Using temporal EEG signal decomposition to identify specific neurophysiological correlates of distractor-response bindings proposed by the theory of event coding. NeuroImage 2020;209:116524.

  44. Opitz A, Beste C, Stock A-K. Alcohol Hangover Differentially Modulates the Processing of Relevant and Irrelevant Information. J Clin Med 2020;9:778.

  45. Vahid A, Mückschel M, Stober S, Stock A-K, Beste C. Applying deep learning to single-trial EEG data provides evidence for complementary theories on action control. Commun Biol 2020;3:112.

  46. Mückschel M, Ziemssen T, Beste C. Properties of lower level processing modulate the actions of the norepinephrine system during response inhibition. Biol Psychol 2020;152:107862.

  47. Friedrich J, Beste C. Low and high stimulation frequencies differentially affect automated response selection in the superior parietal cortex - implications for somatosensory area processes. Sci Rep 2020;10:3954.

  48. Bellucci G, Münte TF, Park SQ. Effects of a dopamine agonist on trusting behaviors in females. Psychopharmacology 2020;237:1671–80.

  49. Bellucci G, Park SQ. Honesty biases trustworthiness impressions. J Exp Psychol Gen 2020;149:1567–86.

  50. Adelhöfer N, Beste C. Pre-trial theta band activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex correlates with inhibition-related theta band activity in the right inferior frontal cortex. NeuroImage 2020;219:117052.

  51. Friedrich J, Beste C. Passive perceptual learning modulates motor inhibitory control in superior frontal regions. Hum Brain Mapp 2020;41:726–38.

  52. Berman BD, Groth CL, Sillau SH, Pirio Richardson S, Norris SA, Junker J, Brüggemann N, Agarwal P, Barbano RL, Espay AJ, Vizcarra JA, Klein C, Bäumer T, et al. Risk of spread in adult-onset isolated focal dystonia: a prospective international cohort study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2020;91:314–20.

  53. Friedrich J, Beste C. The impact of stimulus modality on the processing of conflicting sensory information during response inhibition. Neuroscience 2019;410:191–201.

  54. Chmielewski WX, Beste C. Stimulus-response recoding during inhibitory control is associated with superior frontal and parahippocampal processes. NeuroImage 2019;196:227–36.

  55. Schreiter ML, Chmielewski WX, Ward J, Beste C. How non-veridical perception drives actions in healthy humans: evidence from synaesthesia. Philos Trans R Soc B Biol Sci 2019;374:20180574.

  56. Bellucci G, Molter F, Park SQ. Neural representations of honesty predict future trust behavior. Nat Commun 2019;10:5184.

  57. Oroz Artigas S, Liu L, Strang S, Burrasch C, Hermsteiner A, Münte TF, Park SQ. Enhancement in dopamine reduces generous behaviour in women. PLOS ONE 2019;14:e0226893.

  58. Petruo VA, Bodmer B, Brandt VC, Baumung L, Roessner V, Münchau A, Beste C. et al. Altered perception-action binding modulates inhibitory control in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2019;60:953–62.

  59. Tunc S, Baginski N, Lubs J, Bally JF, Weissbach A, Baaske MK, Tadic V, Brüggemann N, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Predictive coding and adaptive behavior in patients with genetically determined cerebellar ataxia––A neurophysiology study. NeuroImage Clin 2019;24:102043.

  60. Herrmann K, Sprenger A, Baumung L, Alvarez-Fischer D, Münchau A, Brandt V. Help or hurt? How attention modulates tics under different conditions. Cortex 2019;120:471–82.

  61. Friedrich J, Mückschel M, Beste C. Physical intensity of stimuli modulates motor inhibition by affecting response selection processes in right inferior frontal regions. Behav Brain Res 2019;359:597–608.

  62. Adelhöfer N, Chmielewski WX, Beste C. How perceptual ambiguity affects response inhibition processes. J Neurophysiol 2019;122:500–11.

  63. Tübing J, Gigla B, Brandt VC, Verrel J, Weissbach A, Beste C, Münchau A, Bäumer T. Associative plasticity in supplementary motor area - motor cortex pathways in Tourette syndrome. Sci Rep 2018;8:11984.






  1. Senberg A, Münchau A, Münte T, Beste C, Roessner V. Swearing and coprophenomena – A multidimensional approach. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021;126:12–22.

  2. Münchau A, Colzato LS, AghajaniAfjedi A, Beste C. A neural noise account of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. NeuroImage Clin 2021;30:102654.

  3. Kleimaker A, Kleimaker M, Behm A, Weissbach A, Bäumer T, Beste C, Roessner VMünchau. Networks in the Field of Tourette Syndrome. Front Neurol 2021;12:624858.

  4. Kleimaker A, Kleimaker M, Bäumer T, Beste C, Münchau A. Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome-A Disorder of Action-Perception Integration. Front Neurol 2020;11:597898.

  5. Kleimaker M, Kleimaker A, Beste C, Münchau A. Pathophysiologie des Gilles-de-la-Tourette-Syndroms: Pathophysiology of the Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. Nervenheilkunde 2020;39:291–9.

  6. Kleimaker A, Kleimaker M, Münchau A. Funktionelle Tics oder Tourette – der feine Unterschied. Info Neurologie & Psychiatrie 2020;18:10-13.

  7. Kleimaker M, Kleimaker A, Weissbach A, Colzato LS, Beste C, Bäumer T, Münchau A. Non-invasive Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. Front Neurol 2020;11:592258.

  8. Kleimaker M, Kleimaker A, Beste C, Park SQ, Münchau A. Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome: A Model Disorder of Increased Perception-Action Binding? Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:215–21.

  9. Takacs A, Bluschke A, Münchau A, Beste C. Neuropharmacological Interventions and Event File Coding in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:223–9.

  10. Weiblen R, Jonas M, Krach S, Krämer UM. Social Cognition in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:243–9.

  11. Li S-C, Dilcher R, Münchau A. Developmental Trajectories of Sensorimotor and Cognitive Control in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:231–7.

  12. Kleimaker A, Kleimaker M, Beste C, Bäumer T, Münchau A. Somatosensory Processing in Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome. Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:238–42.

  13. Wagner-Altendorf TA, Roessner V, Münte TF. Swearing, Cursing, Coprophenomena: A Continuum? Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:250–5.

  14. Takacs A, Münchau A, Nemeth D, Roessner V, Beste C. Lower-level associations in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome: Convergence between hyperbinding of stimulus and response features and procedural hyperfunctioning theories. Eur J Neurosci 2021.

  15. Takacs A, Münchau A, Nemeth D, Roessner V, Beste C. Lower-level associations in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome: Convergence between hyperbinding of stimulus and response features and procedural hyperfunctioning theories. Eur J Neurosci 2021;54:5143–60.

  16. Paulus T, Kleimaker M, Münchau A. Das Tourette Syndrom und dessen Abgrenzung zu wichtigen Differenzialdiagnosen. PSYCH up2date 2021;15:323-335.




Book chapters

  1. Dyke K, Brandt V, Bäumer T, Münchau A. Abnormalities of neural microcircuits in Tourette syndrome. In: Martino D, Leckman JF, editors. Tourette Syndrome, New York: Oxford University Press; 2021.



  1. Kleimaker A, Kleimaker M, Münchau A. Tourette - das große Missverständnis. Info Neurologie & Psychiatrie 2020; 18:1.

  2. Münchau A, Beste C. Sonderheft – Gilles de la Tourette Syndrom. Z Für Neuropsychol 2019;30:213–4.


Other contributions / outreach

  1. Münchau A. Einige Leute simulieren Tourette nur. Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung 2019;29:15.

  2. Kleimaker A, Kleimaker M. Neuer Ansatz: „Theory of event coding“, Forschungsgruppe TEC4Tic, Universität Lübeck. Tourette Aktuell 2020;24:17-18.

  3. Alvarez-Fischer D. Behandlung mit Attention Training Technik. Tourette Aktuell 2020;24:16.

  4. Weber D. Dokumentarfilm „Reise in die ticfreie Zone“. Tourette Aktuell 2020;24:12-13.

  5. Schneider M. Fehlschaltung im Gehirn. Gesund Leben 2020;2:56-61.